Acero inoxidable: hechos significativos para el ortodoncista practicante

Santiago Arango Santander, Claudia María Luna Ossa

Resumen


El acero inoxidable es uno de los materiales más ampliamente utilizados en la ortodoncia actual. Los arcos de alambre, brackets, bandas, ligaduras, tubos, entre otros aparatos, se fabrican utilizando diferentes tipos de esta aleación. La primera evidencia del uso de esta aleación en el campo de la ortodoncia se remonta a mediados de la década de los veinte cuando se introdujo como un material para fabricar alambres. Desde ese entonces, esta aleación ha ganado popularidad entre los ortodoncistas y su desarrollo posterior ha llevado al uso extendido en las diferentes técnicas de ortodoncia de la actualidad. A pesar de haber estado disponible por más de ochenta años, y del hecho que la mayoría de los ortodoncistas lo usan a diario, todavía existe un desconocimiento acerca de los principios básicos, composición y propiedades de este material por parte de estos profesionales. Por lo tanto, el objeto de esta revisión de la literatura es discutir las principales características y propiedades del acero inoxidable que son útiles en la práctica de la ortodoncia para que los ortodoncistas se beneficien de este notable material.

Palabras clave


acero inoxidable, alambres de ortodoncia, austenítico, brackets de ortodoncia.

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Referencias


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.16925/od.v11i20.751

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