Evolución histórica del concepto de la lógica tradicional

Reflexión académica sobre temáticas relacionadas con la Ingeniería

Authors

Álvaro Marriaga Carvajal Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, sede Marta
Gabriel Márquez Anaya Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, sede Marta

The author explains throughout the article the various meanings the word logic has had in the history of knowledge; to achieve this goal, he carries out an historical overview on the evolution of the so-called “science of thought”. He starts explaining its birth in the Ancient Era when the Greek philosophers studied the relationship between logic and thought; concerning that he refers to the contributions of Pythagoras, Parmenides, Plato and Aristotle. Then he comments about the so-called Christian era (middle Ages) the study of logic had stagnated and was relegated to be an appendix of philosophy. Then he illustrates the conceptual achievements made by this science in the modern ages; he mentions the contributions made by Francis Bacon, Immanuel Kant and George Boole. He also discusses the difference between symbolic logic and formal logic, as well as the importance of Boolean algebra for the development of new branches of knowledge such as computing. He ends the tour in the XX century by referring to the theoretical contributions of the most outstanding theorists.
Keywords: logic, thought, philosophy, history
Issue
Published
2011-01-20
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Author Biographies

Álvaro Marriaga Carvajal, Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, sede Marta

Licenciado en Fisica y Matematica, Universidad del Atlantico. Especialista en Docencia Universitaria, Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia. Especializacion en Pedagogia para el desarrollo del Aprendizaje Autonomo, Universidad Nacional Abierta y a Distancia. Docente de tiempo completo Facultad de Ingenieria, Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, seccional Santa Marta

Gabriel Márquez Anaya, Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, sede Marta

Licenciado en Ciencias Fisico-Matematicas, Universidad del Magdalena, Santa Marta. Especialista en Multimedia para la Docencia, Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia. Coordinador area Ciencias Basicas, Facultad de Ingenieria, Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, seccional Santa Marta