DOI: https://doi.org/10.16925/in.v13i23.2070

Tendencias en ingeniería de materiales para la fabricación de células solares fotovoltáicas

Oscar Giovanni Cucaita Hurtado, Iván Orlando Cabeza Rojas

Abstract


Introducción: El artículo de revisión fue desarrollado durante el segundo semestre de 2016 y el primer trimestre de 2017 en la Facultad de Ingeniería Ambiental de la Universidad Santo Tomás. La energía solar fotovoltaica ha adquirido un importante papel a nivel global por el uso de fuentes renovables y disminución de impactos ambientales, además de ser un participe influyente en la satisfacción de la demanda energética actual. No obstante, cuenta con limitaciones como la dependencia de la disponibilidad de radiación y uso de silicio como materia prima de las células solares. Metodología: se realizó una revisión tipología estado del arte, de diferentes bases de datos consultadas en su mayoría  Science direct y Scopus, sobre los diferentes materiales alternativos y tendencias actuales y su perspectiva de funcionamiento e implementación. Resultados: se exponen las células solares que están empleando diversos materiales dentro de los cuales destacan las células solares de Teluro de Cadmio (CdTe) que presentan características de bajo costo y considerables eficiencias.  Conclusión: las células de CIGS (Cobre, Indio, Galio, Selenio/Azufre) presentan como característica principal es el alto coeficiente de adsorción; no obstante su gran reto a superar, es llevar a cabo su implementación a un nivel industrial. Las células solares orgánicas presentan una alta eficiencia y un bajo costo para su posible uso en el contexto colombiano.  


Keywords


energía solar; células orgánicas; células solares, eficiencia; materiales fotovoltaicos;

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