Estructuras organizacionales y adaptación a las condiciones cambiantes del entorno: retos e implicaciones

Laura Yaritza Gualdrón Prieto, Johana Marcela Acosta Romero, Luz Esperanza Bohórquez Arevalo


Introducción: En el artículo Estructuras organizacionales y adaptación a las condiciones cambiantes del entorno: retos e implicaciones, realizado el año 2017 en la Universidad Distrital Francisco José de Caldas, se identifican algunas de las características, ventajas y limitaciones de las estructuras organizacionales que buscan incrementar la capacidad de adaptación a las condiciones cambiantes del entorno. Metodología: a) Se argumenta porque las organizaciones empresariales son sistemas de procesamiento de información, b) se evidencia que las estructuras organizacionales pueden ser comprendidas como redes por las que circula la información, c) se realiza la revisión de estado de literatura de investigaciones publicadas en el periodo 2016-2010, de estos se realiza un análisis metódico y exhaustivo de las tendencias, avances, metodología, investigaciones futuras, resultados y conclusiones en los veinte principales journals de la categoría Business, Management and Accounting según Scimago, d) se plantean retos de la investigación y problemas aun no superados. Resultados: Se identifican las características, ventajas y limitaciones de las estructuras organizacionales alternativas al control jerárquico. Se proyectan futuros trabajos de investigación en el diseño de estructuras organizacionales que incrementen la capacidad de adaptación del sistema a las condiciones cambiantes del entorno. Conclusiones: La capacidad de adaptación ligada al procesamiento de altos volúmenes de información son retos a los que se enfrentan las organizaciones con mayor dificultad diariamente, y que podría afrontar de una forma satisfactoria implementando estructuras flexibles.

Palabras clave

estructura organizacional; flexibilidad; gobernanza; heterarquía; redes;

Texto completo:



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