Pensando más allá del alambre: la importancia del estilo de vida en la ortodoncia

Contenido principal del artículo

Andrea Pedroza G.
Eliana Yepes Chamorro


Los estilos de vida son patrones de comportamiento que caracterizan a un individuo. Cada día hay más evidencia que soporta que los comportamientos y los hábitos de vida condicionan la salud. La ortodoncia no puede ser ajena al estilo de vida de cada una de las personas que busca tratamiento; por el contrario, debe darle gran importancia a cada uno de los factores comportamentales para poder llegar a un diagnóstico y a una elaboración individualizada de un plan de tratamiento. El objetivo de esta revisión de literatura es analizar cómo influyen la actividad física, la nutrición, el peso corporal, los hábitos alimenticios y nocivos en la práctica ortodóncica.

Detalles del artículo

Cómo citar
Pedroza G.A., & Yepes ChamorroE. (2013). Pensando más allá del alambre: la importancia del estilo de vida en la ortodoncia. Revista Nacional De Odontología, 9(16), 83-91.
Artículos de revisión
Biografía del autor/a

Andrea Pedroza G., Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, sede Medellín


Eliana Yepes Chamorro, Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, sede Medellín



Petersen AM, Pedersen BK. The anti-inflammatory effect of exercise. J Appl Physiol. 2005; 98: 1154-62.

Woods JA, Vieira VJ, Keylock KT. Exercise, inflammation, and innate immunity. Immunol Allergy Clin North Am. 2009; 29: 381-93.

Hickory W, Nanda R. Nutritional considerations in orthodontics. Dent Clin North Am. 1981; 25: 195-201.

McCanlies JM, Alexander CM, Robnett JH, Magness WB. Effect of vitamin C on the mobility and stability of guinea pig incisors under the influence of orthodontic force. Angle Orthod. 1961; 31: 257-63.

Navia JM, Menaker L. Nutritional implications in wound healing. Dent Clin North Am. 1976; 20: 549-68.

Litton SF. Orthodontic tooth movement during an ascorbic acid deficiency. Am J Orthod. 1974; 65: 290-302.

Berkovitz BKB. The estructure of the periodontal ligament: an update. Eur J Orthod. 1990; 12: 51.

Riordan DJ. Effects of orthodontic treatment on nutrient intake. Am J Orthod Dentofac Orthop. 1997; 111: 554-61.

Strause L, Saltman P. Role of manganese and cooper in bone metabolism. In: Kies C, ed. Nutritional bioavailability of manganese. Washington: American Chemical Society; 1987. p. 46-55.

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Handbook of human nutritional requirements. Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations; 1974.

Patel A, Burden DJ, Sandler J. Medical disorders and orthodontics. J Orthod. 2009; 36: 1-21.

Milosevic A. The eating disorders: 1. Current scientific understanding and dental implications. Dent Update. 2007; 34: 544-54.

Baker D, Roberts R, Towell T. Factors predictive of bone mineral density in eating-disordered women: longitudinal study. Int J Eat Disord. 2000; 27: 29-35.

Hilings Yip, Ricky Wong, Urban Hägg. Complications of orthodontic treatment: are soft drinks a risk factor? World J Orthod. 2009; 10: 33-40.

Toms AP. Thecorrosion of orthodonticwire. Eur J Orthod. 1998; 10: 87-97.

Tahmassebi JF, Duggal MS. The effect of differ-entmethods of drinkingonthe pH of dental plaque in vivo. Int J Paediatr Dent. 1997; 7: 249-54.

Morimoto Iwami Y, Yamaguchi K, Tanne K. Influence of dietary n-3 Polyinsaturated fatty acid on experimental toothmovementin rats. The Angle Orthodontist. 1999; 69(4): 365-71.

Nettleton JA. Omega -3 Fatty acids: Comparison of plant and seafood sources in human nutrition. J Am Diet Assoc. 1991; 91(3): 331-7.

Shanfeld J, Jones J, Laster L, Davidovich Z. Biochemical aspects of orthodontic tooth movement. ii Ciclic nucleotide and prostaglandin concentrations in tissues surrounding orthodontically treated teeth in vivo. Am J Orthod Dentofac Orthop. 1986; 90: 139-48.

Simopoulos AP. The importance of the ratio of omega-6/omega-3 essential fatty acids. Biomed Pharmacother. 2002; 56(8): 365-79.

Alam SQ, Kokkinos PP, Alam BS. Fatty acid composition and arachidonic acid concentrations in alveolar bone of rats fed diets with different lipids. Calcif Tissue Int. 1993; 53: 330-2.

Kokkinos PP, Shaye R, Alam BS, Alam SQ. Dietary Lipids, Prostaglandin E2 levels, and tooth movement in alveolar bone of rats. Calcif Tissue Int. 1993; 53: 333-7.

Rahan RG. The pharmacology of androgens and anabolic steroids. Am J Pharm Ed. 1988; 52: 167-77.

Türp JC, Lünsch H, Radlanski RJ. Interdental Spacing and Orthodontic Treatment in Competitive Athletes: Clues to Doping with Growth Hormones? J Orofac Orthop. 2010; 71: 373-82.

Barrett RL, Harris EF. Anabolic steroids and craniofacial growth. Angle Orthod. 1993; 63: 289-97.

Noda K, Chang HP, Takahashi R, Kinoshita Z, Kawarnoto T. Effects of the anabolic steroid nandrolone phenylpropionate on craniofacial growth. J Morphol. 1994; 33: 220-5.

Mallampalli A, Guntupalli KK. Smoking and systemic disease. Clin Occup Environ Med. 2006; 5: 173-92.

Doll R, Peto R, Boreham J, Sutherland I. Mortality in relation to smoking: 50 years’ observations on male British doctors. Br Med J. 2004; 328: 1519.

Wynder EL, Bross IJ, Feldman RM. A study of the etiologic factors in cancer of the mouth. Cancer. 1957; 10: 1300-23.

Buttke TM, Proffit WR. Referring adult patients for orthodontic treatment. J Am Dent Assoc. 1999; 130: 73-9.

Ahmad S, Zakieh D, Sepideh A, Mohammad J. Effect of nicotine on orthodontic tooth movement in rats. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2011; 139: e261-e5.

Nakao S, Ogata Y, Sugiya H. Nicotine stimulates the expression of cyclooxygenase-2 mRNA via NFkappaB activation in human gingival fibroblasts. Arch Oral Biol. 2009; 54: 251-7.

Bartzela T, T€urp JC, Motschall E, Maltha JC. Medication effects on the rate of orthodontic tooth movement: a systematic literature review. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2009; 135: 16-26.

Yuhara S, Kasagi S, Inoue A, Otsuka E, Hirose S, Hagiwara H. Effects of nicotine on cultured cells suggest that it can influence the formation and resorption of bone. Eur J Clin Pharmacol. 1999; 383: 387-93.

Grieve WG, Johnson GK, Moore RN, Reinhardt RA, Dubois LM, Prostaglandin E. (pge) and interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta) levels in gingival crevicular fluid during human orthodontic tooth movement. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 1994; 105: 369-74.

Henemyre CL, Scales DK, Hokett SD, Cuenin MF, Peacock ME, Parker MH et al. Nicotine stimulates osteoclast resorption in a porcine marrow cell model. J Periodontol. 2003; 74: 1440-6.

Hapidin H, Othman F, Soelaiman IN, Shuid AN, Luke DA, Mohamed N. Negative effects of nicotine on boneresorbing cytokines and bone histomorphometric parameters in male rats. J Bone Miner Metab. 2007; 25: 93-8.

Sattar SP, Petty F, Burke WJ. Diagnosis and treatment of alcohol dependence in older alcoholics. Clin Geriatr Med. 2003; 19: 743-61.

Adams WL, Cox NS. Epidemiology of problem drinking among elderly people. Int J Addict. 1995; 30: 1693- 716.

Elders PJ, Netelenbos JC, Lips P, Khoe E, Van Ginkel FC, Hulsholf KF et al. Perimenopausal bone mass and risk factors. Bone Miner. 1989; 7: 289-99.

Slemenda CW, Hui SL, Longcope C, Wellman H, Johnston CC Jr. Predictors of bone mass in premenopausal women: a prospective study of clinical data using photon absorptiometry. Ann Intern Med. 1990; 112: 96-101.

Cauley JA, Gutai JP, Kuller LH, LeDonne D, Sandler RB, Sashin D et al. Endogenous estrogen levels and calcium intakes in postmenopausal women. Relationships with cortical bone measures. jama. 1988; 260: 3150-5.

Bauer DC, Browner WS, Cauley JA. Factors associated with appendicular bone mass in older women. The Study of Osteoporotic Fracture Research Group. Ann Intern Med. 1993; 118: 657-65.

Gundberg CM, Lian JB, Gallop PM, Stienberg JJ. Urinary gammacarboxyglutamic acid and serum osteocalcin as bone markers: studies in osteoporosis and Paget’s disease. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1983; 57: 1221-5.

Laitinen K, Lamberg-Allardt C, Tunninen R, Karonen S, Tähtelä R, Ylikahri R et al. Transient hypoparathyroidism during acute alcohol intoxication. N Engl J Med. 1991; 324: 721-7.

Rico H. Alcohol and bone disease. Alcohol Alcoholim. 1990; 2(4): 345-52.

Rapuri B, Gallagher J, Balhorn E, Ryschon K. Alcohol intake and bone metabolism in elderly women. Am J Clin Nutr. 2000; 72: 1206-13.

Arthur H. Friedlander, Dean C. Norman. Alcoholismo geriátrico fisiopatología e implicaciones dentales. J Am Dent Assoc. 2006; 1(1): 37-46.

Tezal M, Grossi SG, Ho AW, Genco RJ. The effect of alcohol consumption on periodontal disease. J Periodontol. 2001; 72(2): 183-9.

Pitiphat W, Merchant AT, Rimm EB, Joshipura KJ. Alcohol consumption increases periodontitis risk. J Dent Res. 2003; 82: 509-13.

Schafer C, Schips I, Landig J, Bode JC, Bode C. Tumornecrosisfactor and interleukin-6 response of peripheral blood monocytes to low concentrations of lipopolysaccharide in patients alcoholic liver disease. Z Gastroenterol. 1995; 33(9): 503-8.

Diamond T, Stiel D, Lunzer M, Wilkinson M, Posen S. Ethanol reduces bone formation and may cause osteoporosis. Am J Med. 1989; 86: 282-8.

Deal CL. Osteoporosis: prevention, diagnosis and management. Am J Med. 1997; 102: 355-95.

Nackaerts O, Horner K, Jacobs R, Karayianni K, Mitsea A, Berkas L et al. Is self-reported alcohol consumption associated with osteoporotic mandibular bone loss in women? Eur J Oral Sci. 2009; 117: 7-12.

Klein RF, Fausti KA, Carlos AS. Ethanol inhibits human osteoblastic cell proliferation. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 1996; 20: 572-8.

Crilly RG, Anderson C, Hogan D, Delaquerriere-Richardson L. Bone histomorphometry, bone mass and related parmeters in alcoholic males. Calcif Tiss Int. 1988; 43: 269-76.