Territory management based on the assessment of environmental noise in near areas to two medical centers on zone planning units 44 and 47 in Bogotá

Main Article Content

Baudilio Acevedo Buitrago
Deisy Mireya Ortíz Bernal
Estefanía Ramírez Trujillo

Abstract

Introduction:This article shows the evaluation of environmental noise around the medical centers located in the UPZ Americas and Kennedy Central - Bogotá, and the proposal of some actions related to the planning of the territory as a strategy for mitigation.


Problem:The Kennedy town has presented high levels of environmental noise, which is a worrying aspect due to its correlation with the effects on people's health.


Objective:This research was conducted for the purpose of compiling updated information on environmental noise in the Kennedy locality and evaluating regulatory compliance and identifing the phenomena to establish actions that lead to its mitigation.


Methodology:The measurement process was guided under the guidelines of ISO 1996:1 and the parameters established in Res. 627/2006 of the Ministry of Environment.


Results:The ambient noise levels exceed the maximum permissible limits (55 dB) on the different days and hours of measurement. It was also determined that this phenomenon is mainly related to high vehicular flow as well as formal and informal commercial activities around medical centers.


Conclusion:There is no regulatory compliance in relation to environmental noise and the territorial plan established in the UPZ. The suggested actions are: use of parks to plant native trees that act as biological barriers, non-use of surrounding streets as secondary traffic roads and reorganization of trade activities.


Originality:Updated environmental noise data was obtained around medical centers in Kennedy and problems of inappropriate growth and development were identified.


Limitations:Lack of information on environmental noise measurements in other sectors of the area.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
[1]
Acevedo BuitragoB., Ortíz BernalD. M., and Ramírez Trujillo E., “Territory management based on the assessment of environmental noise in near areas to two medical centers on zone planning units 44 and 47 in Bogotá ”, ing. Solidar, vol. 16, no. 1, Jan. 2020.
Section
Research Articles

References

[1] E. Murphy, E. King and H. Rice, "Estimating human exposure to transport noise in central Dublin, Ireland," Environment International, vol. 35, no. 2, pp. 298-302, 2009. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2008.07.026

[2] T. Donath, “Effects of environmental noises and sounds on the quality of life controlled by the central nervous system,” Orvosi hetilap, vol. 147, no. 16, pp. 737-739, 2006. Available: https://europepmc.org/abstract/med/16711259

[3] Committee on environmental Health, “Noise: a hazard for the fetus and newborn,” Pediatrics, vol. 100, no.4, pp. 724-727, 1997. [Online]. doi: https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.100.4.724

[4] D. Schwela, “World Health Organization Guidelines on Community Noise,” Presentation at the TBR session, vol. 391, 2001. [Online]. doi: https://doi.org/10.3397/1.2839659

[5] H. Morrison, H. Shaffner, E. Garret, J. Fakler, “Noise: stress, and annoyance in a pediatric intensive care unit,” Critical care medicine, vol. 31, no. 1, pp. 113-119, 2003. [Online]. doi: https://doi.org/10.1097/00003246-200301000-00018

[6] J. Norbeck, “Perceived job stress, job satisfaction, and psychological symptoms in critical care nursing,” Research in Nursing & Health, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 253-259, 1985. [Online]. doi: https://doi.org/10.1002/nur.4770080307

[7] M. Stanchina, M. Abu-Higle, B. Chaudhry, C. Carlisle, R. Millman, “The influence of white noise on sleep in subjects exposed to ICU noise,” Sleep Medicine, vol. 6, no. 5, pp. 423-428, 2005. [Online]. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sleep.2004.12.004

[8] J. Pacheco, J. Franco, E. Behrentz, “Caracterización de los niveles de contaminación auditiva en Bogotá: Estudio piloto,” Revista de Ingeniería, no. 30, pp. 72-79, 2009. [Online]. Available: http://www.scielo.org.co/pdf/ring/n30/n30a10.pdf

[9] Alcaldía Mayor de Bogotá (2012, junio 10). Observatorio ambiental. [Online]. Available: http://oab.ambientebogota.gov.co/es/con-la-comunidad/noticias/kennedy-es-la-zona-mas-ruidosa-de-bogota.

[10] Alcaldía Local de Kennedy (2017). Alcaldía Mayor de Bogotá. Obtenido de Secretaría Distrital de Ambiente. [Online]. Available: https://oab.ambientebogota.gov.co/apc-aa-files/a65cd60a57804f3f1d35afb36cfcf958/palkennedy2017a2020_1.pdf

[11] G. Loupa, A. Katikaridis, D. Karali, S. Rapsomanikis, “Mapping the noise in a Greek general hospital,” Science of The Total Environment, vol. 646, pp. 923 – 929, 2019. [Online]. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.07.315

[12] K. Stassen, P. Collier, R. Torfs, “Environmental burden of disease due to transportation noise in Flanders (Belgium),” Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, vol. 13, no. 6, pp. 355 – 358, 2008. [Online]. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trd.2008.04.003

[13] G. Acevedo. (2017, noviembre). Aumenta el ruido en los hospitales. Mundo HVA&R. [Online]. Available: https://www.mundohvacr.com.mx/2011/11/aumenta-el-ruido-en-los-hospitales/

[14] Ministerio de ambiente, vivienda y desarrollo territorial, Resolución 0627 de 2006, Norma nacional de emisión de ruido y ruido ambiental, 2006.

[15] E. Lasky, “Noise and light exposures for extremely low birth wight newborns during their stay in the neonatal intensive care unit,” Pediatrics, vol. 123, no. 2, pp. 540, 2009. [Online]. doi: https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2007-3418

[16] F. Gutiérrez, “Estudio general de la contaminación acústica en las ciudades de Andalucía,” Cuadernos geográficos de la Universidad de Granada, vol. 49, no 2, pp. 55 – 94, 2011. [Online]. Available: https://www.redalyc.org/pdf/171/17122051003.pdf

[17] M. Annerstedt, P. Östergren, J. Björk, P. Grahn, E. Skärbäck, P. Währborg, “Green qualities in the neighbourhood and mental health - Results from a longitudinal cohort study in Southern Sweden,” BMC Public Health, vol. 12., pp. 337, 2012. [Online]. doi:
https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-12-337

[18] W. Babisch. “The noise/stress concept, risk assessment and research needs,” Noise and health, vol. 16, no. 4, pp 1-11, 2002.

[19] C. Hu, T. Tkebuchava, “E-Noise: An increseasinggly relevant health risk,” Journal of Integrative Medicine, vol. 17, pp 311–314, 2019. [Online]. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.joim.2019.07.003

[20] N. Mohareb, S. Maassarani, “Assessment of street-level noise in three different urban settings in Tripoli,” Urban Climate, vol. 29, 2019. Article 100481. [Online]. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.uclim.2019.100481

[21] L. Xiaodong, K. Jian, Z. Peisheng, C. Jun, G. Ca, Z. Yuan, “Influence of urban road characteristics on traffic noise,” Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, vol. 75, pp 136-155, 2019. [Online]. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trd.2019.08.026

[22] V. Marusceac M. Ciotlaus, “Optimizing urban landscapes in regard to noise pollution,” Procedia Manufacturing, vol. 32, pp. 161–166, 2019. [Online]. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.promfg.2019.02.197

[23] Y. Man, Y. Chaohui, S. Yi, C. Weiqiang, “Examining the associations between urban built environment and noise pollution in high-density high-rise urban areas: A case study in Wuhan,” China Sustainable Cities and Society, vol. 50, 2019, Article 101678. [Online]. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scs.2019.101678

[24] G. Rey, J. Barrigón, D. Montes, P. Atanasio, “Relationships among satisfaction, noise perception, and use of urban green spaces,” Science of The Total Environment, vol. 624, pp. 438-450, 2018. [Online]. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.12.148

[25] A. Ojala, K. Korpela, L. Tyrväinen, P. Tiittanen, T. Lanki, “Restorative effects of urban green environments and the role of urban-nature orientedness and noise sensitivity: A field experiment,” Health & Place, vol. 55, pp. 59-70, 2019. [Online]. doi:: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.healthplace.2018.11.004

[26] ISO 1996-1:2016, Acoustic – Description, measurement and assessment of environmental noise – part 1 Basic quantities and assessment procedures. [Online]. Available: https://www.iso.org/standard/59765.html

[27] D. Carlos, “A different route to health: implications of transport policies,” Br Med J; vol. 9, pp. 1686-1689, 1999. [Online]. doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.318.7199.1686

[28] S. Stansfeld, M. Matheson, “Noise pollution: non-auditory effects on health,” Br Med Bull, vol. 68, pp. 243–257, 2003. [Online]. doi: https://doi.org/10.1093/bmb/ldg033

[29] A. McMichael, “The urban environment and health in a world of increasing globalization: issues for developing countries,” Bulletin of the World Health Organization, vol. 78, no. 9, pp. 1117–1126, 2000. [Online]. Available: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2560839/

[30] A. McMichael, “Health at the crossroads: transport policy and urban health,” London School of Hygiene and tropical medicine fifth annual public health forum “Transport and health: assessing the risks”, pp. 9–26, 1997.

[31] P. Connolly, “Mexico City: our common future?,” Environment and Urbanization, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 53–78, 1999. [Online]. doi: https://doi.org/10.1177/095624789901100116

[32] Organización Mundial de la Salud (2015, febrero 27). La OMS pone de relieve la grave amenaza de la exposición al ruido recreativo. [Online]. Available: https://www.who.int/mediacentre/news/releases/2015/ear-care/es/

[33] Organización Mundial de la Salud, Guías para el ruido urbano. Ginebra: Universidad de Estocolmo, pp. 20, 1995. [Online]. Available: https://ocw.unican.es/pluginfile.php/965/course/section/1090/Guias%2520para%2520el%2520ruido%2520urbano.pdf

[34] C. Londoño, A. Echeverri, “Diseño de la red de vigilancia de ruido para los municipios que conforman el Área Metropolitana del Valle de Aburrá,” Revista Ingenierías Universidad de Medellín, vol. 8, no. 14, pp. 21-38, 2009. [Online]. Available: https://ocw.unican.es/pluginfile.php/965/course/section/1090/Guias%2520para%2520el%2520ruido%2520urbano.pdf

[35] E. Ohrstrom, E. Hadzibajramovic, M. Holmes, et al. “Effects of road traffic noise on sleep: studies on children and adults,” Journal of Environmental Psychology, vol. 26, no. pp. 116 -216. 2006. [Online]. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvp.2006.06.004

[36] J. Wu, “Urban vegetation and air pollution,” Int. Soc. Expo. Sci. Newsl., vol. 5, pp. 1–18, 2018.

[37] B. Givoni, “Impact of planted areas on urban environmental-quality,” Atmos. Environ., vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 289–299, 1991. [Online]. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/0957-1272(91)90001-U

[38] J. Gallagher, Revolution Detroit: Strategies for urban reinvention. Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 2013.

[39] D. Michaud, et al., “Noise annoyance in Canada”, Noise and Health, vol. 7, no. 27, pp. 39, 2005. [Online]. doi: https://doi.org/10.4103/1463-1741.31634

[40] V. Escobar, C. Gómez, J. Pérez, “An objective method of street classification for noise studies,” Applied Acoustics, vol. 141, pp. 162-168, 2018. [Online]. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apacoust.2018.07.003

[41] A. Can, M. Rademaker, T. Van Renterghem, V. Mishra, M. Van Poppel, A. Touhafi, A., et al., “Correlation analysis of noise and ultrafine particle counts in a street canyon,” Science of the Total Environment, vol. 409, no. 3, pp. 564–572, 2011. [Online]. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2010.10.037

[42] Council of the European Union, European Parliament, “Relating to the assessment and management of environmental noise - Declaration by the Commission in the Conciliation Committee on the Directive relating to the assessment and management of environmental noise,” Directive 2002/49/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council, 2002.

[43] L. Chaux, B. Acevedo, “Evaluación de ruido ambiental en alrededores a centros médicos de la localidad barrios unidos, Bogotá,” Revista científica, vol 2, no. 35, pp. 234-246. [Online]. doi: https://doi.org/10.14483/23448350.13983

[44] R. Khaiwal, T. Singh, et al., “Assessment of noise pollution in and around a sensitive zone in North India and its non-auditory impacts,” Science of the Total Environment, vol. 566, pp. 981-987, 2016. [Online]. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.05.070

[45] J. Bohatkiewicz, “Noise control plans in cities – selected issues and necessary changes in approach to measures and methods of protection,” Transportation Research Procedia, vol. 14, pp. 2744–2753, 2016. [Online]. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trpro.2016.05.458