Afrontamiento y calidad de vida en pacientes con lupus eritematoso sistémico una revisión

Contenido principal del artículo

Verónica Córdoba Sánchez
Joaquín T. Limonero García

Detalles del artículo

Verónica Córdoba Sánchez, Universidad de Antioquia

Magíster en Investigación en Psicología de la Salud, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Psicóloga, Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.

Joaquín T. Limonero García, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona

Doctor en Psicología. Catedrático acreditado de psicología, Facultat de Psicologia, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona.
Sección
Artículo de revisión temática

Resumen

Antecedentes: el lupus eritematoso sistémico (les) se caracteriza por un pronóstico incierto, síntomas graves y un impacto negativo en la calidad de vida (cv) de los pacientes.
 
Propósito: el objetivo de esta revisión es generar un enfoque integral para mejorar la intervención psicológica en estos pacientes.
 
Métodos: se llevó a cabo una revisión cualitativa de artículos indexados en medline, Psycinfo y Scopus hasta el mes de julio de 2015. Se incluyeron artículos que informaban sobre les, estrategias de afrontamiento y cv.
 
Resultados: se encontraron 24 estudios que abarcan diferentes diseños de investigación, formas de evaluación e intervención. Se analizaron las estrategias de afrontamiento y su relación con la cv
con el fin de describir las mejores estrategias para tratar con el les.
 
Conclusiones: No existen estrategias adaptativas o desadaptativas y la idoneidad de las mismas
depende de la situación que podría estar experimentado el paciente; sin embargo, un estilo de afrontamiento activo parece ayudar a preservar la cv. La principal meta de la intervención psicológica debe ser diversificar y ampliar el número de estrategias de afrontamiento utilizadas por los pacientes.
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