Hábitos orales comunes: revisión de literatura. Parte I.
PDF

Palabras clave

chupetes
hábitos
hábitos de lengua
maloclusión
onicofagia
respiración oral
succión digital.

Resumen

Existen hábitos orales nocivos que pueden influir en el desarrollo de las maloclusiones; aunque estos no son un riesgo para la vida, sus consecuencias son un problema de salud pública. En esta revisión de literatura se propone establecer los hábitos más evaluados por los odontólogos, id entificar sus problemas y dar una orientación practica. Se realizó una búsqueda de la literatura acerca de los hábitos orales al momento de la consulta odontológica con el fin de encaminar a un rápido tratamiento para que el daño causado sea menor.  

PDF

Citas

Subtelny JD. Oral habits. Studies in form, function, and therapy. Angle Orthod. 1973; 43: 349-83.

Singh SP, Utreja A, Chawla HS. Distribution of malocclusion types among thumb suckers seeking orthodontic treatment. J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent. 2008; 26(Suppl 3): S114-7.

Aguilar M. Relación entre hábitos nocivos y maloclusiones en una muestra de 525 pacientes de ortodoncia. Revista Latinoamericana de Ortodoncia y odontopediatria. 2011; http://www.ortodoncia.ws/publicaciones/ 2011/art25.asp

Gavish A, Halachmi M, Winocur E, Gazit E. Oral habits and their association with signs and symptoms of temporomandibular disorders in adolescent girls. J Oral Rehabil. 2000; 27: 22-32.

Tanaka OM, Vitral RW, Tanaka GY, Guerrero AP, Camargo ES. Nailbiting, or onychophagia: a special habit. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2008; 134: 305-8.

Cárdenas D. Fundamentos de odontología pediátrica. 2a. ed. Bogotá: cib; 2000.

Josell SD. Habits affecting dental and maxillofacial growth and development. Dent Clin North Am. 1995; 39: 851-60.

Bosnjak A, Vucicevic-Boras V, Miletic I, Bozic D, Vukelja M. Incidence of oral habits in children with mixed dentition. J Oral Rehabil. 2002; 29: 902-5.

Murrieta F. Prevalence of non-nutrituve habits in a group of preschool children in NNezahualcoyotl, Mexico. Bol Med Hosp Infant. Mex. 2011; 24-30.

Barberia E, Lucavechi T, Cardenas D, Maroto M. An atypical lingual lesion resulting from the unhealthy habit of sucking the lower lip: clinical case study. J Clin Pediatr Dent. 2006; 30: 280-2.

Okeson J. Tratamiento de oclusión y afecciones temporomandibulares. 6ª. ed. Madrid: Mosby; 2003.

Straub WJ. The etiology of the perverted swallowing habit. Am J Orthod. 1951; 37: 603-10.

Ardran GM, Kemp FH, Truelove SC. A radiological study of the movements of the tongue, pharynx and oesophagus in acrosclerosis. Gastroenterología. 1953; 79: 361-74.

Rogers J. Swallowing patterns of a normal population sample compared to those of patients from an orthodontic practice. Am J Orthod. 1961; 47: 674-89.

Gois EG, Ribeiro-Junior HC, Vale MP, Paiva SM, Serra- Negra JM, Ramos-Jorge ML et al. Influence of nonnutritive sucking habits, breathing pattern and adenoid size on the development of malocclusion. Angle Orthod. 2008; 78: 647-54.

Brauer JS, Holt TV. Tongue Thrust Classification. Angle Orthod. 1965; 35: 106-12.

Fletcher SG, Casteel RL, Bradley DP. Tongue-thrust swallow, speech articulation, and age. J Speech Hear Disord. 1961; 26: 201-8.

Cleall JF. Deglutition: A Study of Form and Function. Am J Orthod. 1965; 51: 566-94.

Subtelny JD. Malocclusions, orthodontic corrections and orofacial muscle adaptation. Angle Orthod. 1970; 40: 170-201.

Matínez L. Uso del chupete: beneficios y riesgos. Anales Españoles de Pediatría. 2000; 53: 6.

Sweet CA. Thumb- and finger-sucking by children. Am J Orthod. 1948; 34: 1017.

Zadik D, Stern N, Litner M. Thumb- and pacifier-sucking habits. Am J Orthod. 1977; 71: 197-201.

Meyer-Marcotty P, Hartmann J, Stellzig-Eisenhauer A. Dentoalveolar open bite treatment with spur appliances. J Orofac Orthop. 2007; 68: 510-21.

Lozano M. Uso del chupete y lactancia materna. An Pediatric (Barc). 2011; 271e: 1-5.

Aznar T, Galan AF, Marin I, Dominguez A. Dental arch diameters and relationships to oral habits. Angle Orthod. 2006; 76: 441-5.

Aliboni V. Uso del chupete: hallazgos preliminares. Arch Argent Pediatr. 2002; 2: 114-119.

Cepero S. Intervención educativa en escolares de 5 y 6 años con hábitos bucales deformantes. Rev Cubana Estomatol. 2007; versión on-line.

Larsson E. Sucking, chewing, and feeding habits and the development of crossbite: a longitudinal study of girls from birth to 3 years of age. Angle Orthod. 2001; 71: 116-9.

Heb C. Los chupones satifacen la necesidad natural de succionar. Taller de expertos: “efectos de los chupones en la mandíbula y desarrollo bucal”. Hamburgo. 2010. http://www.nukargentina.com.ar/userdata/Soothers_ ES.pdf

Ogaard B, Larsson E, Lindsten R. The effect of sucking habits, cohort, sex, intercanine arch widths, and breast or bottle feeding on posterior crossbite in Norwegian and Swedish 3-year-old children. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 1994; 106: 161-6.

Warren JJ, Bishara SE, Steinbock KL, Yonezu T, Nowak AJ. Effects of oral habits’ duration on dental characteristics in the primary dentition. J Am Dent Assoc. 2001; 132: 1685-93; quiz 1726.

Pelc AW, Jaworek AK. Interdisciplinary approach to onychophagia. Przegl Lek. 2003; 60: 737-9.

Ballinger BR. The prevalence of nail-biting in normal and abnormal populations. Br J Psychiatry. 1970; 117: 445-6.

Hill JM. Nail biting; incidence, allied personality traits and military significance. Am J Psychiatry. 1946; 103: 185-7.

Odenrick L, Brattstrom V. The effect of nailbiting on root resorption during orthodontic treatment. Eur J Orthod. 1983; 5: 185-8.

Leung AK, Robson WL. Nailbiting. Clin Pediatr (Phila). 1990; 29: 690-2.

Malone AJ, Massler M. Index of nailbiting in children. J Abnorm Psychol. 1952; 47: 193-202.

Schneider PE, Peterson J. Oral habits: considerations in management. Pediatr Clin North Am. 1982; 29: 523-46.

Germec D, Taner TU. Lower lip sucking habit treated with a lip bumper appliance. Angle Orthod. 2005; 75: 1071-76.

Bjerregaard J, Bundgaard AM, Melsen B. The effect of the mandibular lip bumper and maxillary bite plate on tooth movement, occlusion and space conditions in the lower dental arch. Eur J Orthod. 1980; 2: 257-65.

Davidovitch M, McInnis D, Lindauer SJ. The effects of lip bumper therapy in the mixed dentition. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 1997; 111: 52-8.

Ashish DI, Mostafa YA. Effect of lip bumpers on mandibular arch dimensions. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2009; 135: 106-9.

Moss ML, Salentijn L. The primary role of functional matrices in facial growth. Am J Orthod. 1969; 55: 566- 77.

Harari D, Redlich M, Miri S, Hamud T, Gross M. The effect of mouth breathing versus nasal breathing on dentofacial and craniofacial development in orthodontic patients. Laryngoscope. 2010; 120: 2089-93.

Goncalves R de C, Raveli DB, Pinto Ados S. Effects of age and gender on upper airway, lower airway and upper lip growth. Braz Oral Res. 2011; 25: 241-7.

Warren DW. Effect of airway obstruction upon facial growth. Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 1990; 23: 699-712.

Ngan P, Fields HW. Open bite: a review of etiology and management. Pediatr Dent. 1997; 19: 91-8.

Bishara SE, Staley RN. Maxillary expansion: clinical implications. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 1987; 91: 3-14.

Hershey HG, Stewart BL, Warren DW. Changes in nasal airway resistance associated with rapid maxillary expansion. Am J Orthod. 1976; 69: 274-84.

Oliveira de Felippe NL, Da Silveira AC, Viana G, Kusnoto B, Smith B, Evans CA. Relationship between rapid maxillary expansion and nasal cavity size and airway resistance: short- and long-term effects. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2008; 134: 370-82.

Creative Commons License
Esta obra está bajo licencia internacional Creative Commons Reconocimiento-NoComercial-SinObrasDerivadas 4.0.