DOI: https://doi.org/10.16925/od.v0i0.432

Aparatos de avance mandibular: ¿mito o realidad?

Natalia Parra Quintero, Paola María Botero Mariaca

Resumen


La mayoría de los pacientes con maloclusión clase II esquelética presentan posición retruida de la mandíbula. El término aparato funcional se refiere a aparatos fijos o removibles diseñados para alterar la posición mandibular sagital y verticalmente, resultando en cambios esqueléticos, ortodónticos y ortopédicos. A pesar de su larga historia, los aparatos funcionales continúan siendo controversiales en su uso, efectividad y modo de acción. Esta revisión permitirá conocer las diferentes alternativas de tratamiento para la maloclusión clase II esquelética causada por retrusión mandibular, entre los que están Bionator, Twin Block, Herbst, Jasper Jumper, Forsus, mara y Advansync, de los cuales se explicará su modo de acción, sus efectos a nivel dental y esquelético y el tiempo de tratamiento óptimo para conseguir estabilidad.  


Palabras clave


avance mandibular; maloclusión de Angle clase II; mandíbula; retrognatismo.

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Referencias


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