DOI: https://doi.org/10.16925/od.v9i16.13

Factores de riesgo asociados con enfermedad periodontal en mujeres en estado de embarazo

Ximena Andrea Cerón-Bastidas, Diana Isabel Josa

Resumen


La enfermedad periodontal ha sido asociada a un gran número de factores de riesgo, y a su vez se puede considerar como un factor de riesgo importante para la evolución de algunos eventos patológicos; tal es el caso de la asociación con parto pre-término, bajo peso al nacer y pre-eclampsia. La enfermedad periodontal es una entidad clínica multifactorial en la que se ven involucrados mecanismos inflamatorios que también están presentes en condiciones adversas del embarazo. La literatura reafirma estos hallazgos y ha orientado las investigaciones hacia las bases celulares y moleculares en busca de una explicación certera que permita crear medidas preventivas de gran impacto. Esta revisión bibliográfica tomó en cuenta información a partir del 2000, incluidos revisiones y estudios experimentales con respecto a los mecanismos celulares que explican las posibles alteraciones en los tejidos periodontales durante el embarazo, que desencadenan consecuencias como parto pre-término, pre-eclampsia, bajo peso al nacer.


Palabras clave


embarazo; factores de riesgo; periodontitis; salud oral

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Referencias


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